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NASA and Lockheed Martin Unveil X-59 Quiet Supersonic Aircraft: A Leap Towards the Future of Air Travel

PALMDALE, CA – NASA and Lockheed Martin have officially introduced the X-59, a cutting-edge supersonic aircraft that promises to revolutionize air travel by significantly reducing the sonic booms that have long hindered commercial supersonic flight over land. This groundbreaking development marks a pivotal moment in the quest for faster, quieter air travel.

A Historic Unveiling

During a ceremony at Lockheed Martin Skunk Works’ facility in Palmdale, California, NASA Deputy Administrator Pam Melroy praised the collaborative efforts that brought the ambitious project to fruition. “This is a major accomplishment made possible only through the hard work and ingenuity from NASA and the entire X-59 team,” Melroy stated. “In just a few short years, we’ve gone from an ambitious concept to reality. NASA’s X-59 will help change the way we travel, bringing us closer together in much less time.”

The X-59 and the Quesst Mission

The X-59 is the centerpiece of NASA’s Quesst mission, which aims to provide data that could lead regulators to lift the long-standing ban on commercial supersonic flights over land. For the past 50 years, such flights have been prohibited due to the disruptive sonic booms they produce. The X-59, however, is designed to minimize these booms, creating a quieter “sonic thump” instead.

The aircraft is expected to reach speeds of 1.4 times the speed of sound, approximately 925 mph. Its sleek design and advanced technologies will allow it to achieve these speeds while reducing noise pollution, potentially paving the way for a new era of supersonic travel.

Ambitious Goals and Collaborative Efforts

Bob Pearce, NASA’s Associate Administrator for Aeronautics Research, highlighted the mission’s far-reaching implications. “It’s thrilling to consider the level of ambition behind Quesst and its potential benefits,” Pearce said. “NASA will share the data and technology we generate from this one-of-a-kind mission with regulators and with industry. By demonstrating the possibility of quiet commercial supersonic travel over land, we seek to open new commercial markets for U.S. companies and benefit travelers around the world.”

The rollout of the X-59 marks the beginning of a rigorous testing phase, including integrated systems testing, engine runs, and taxi testing. The aircraft’s first flight is scheduled for later this year, followed by its inaugural quiet supersonic flight. Initial tests will be conducted at Skunk Works before the aircraft is transferred to NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, California.

Designing the Future of Supersonic Travel

The X-59 boasts a unique design, measuring 99.7 feet in length and 29.5 feet in width. Its thin, tapered nose, which accounts for almost a third of its length, is crucial for breaking up shock waves and minimizing sonic booms. The cockpit, located midway along the aircraft, utilizes the eXternal Vision System, a series of high-resolution cameras that provide pilots with a 4K monitor view, compensating for the lack of a forward-facing window.

The aircraft’s engine is mounted on top, and its smooth underside helps prevent shockwaves from merging and causing a loud sonic boom. These design innovations are intended to inform future generations of quiet supersonic aircraft, making commercial supersonic travel over land a practical reality.

Next Steps and Future Prospects

After completing flight tests, NASA plans to fly the X-59 over several U.S. cities, gathering public feedback on the aircraft’s noise levels. This data will be crucial for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and international regulators as they consider revising regulations to allow commercial supersonic flights over land.

John Clark, Vice President and General Manager at Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, emphasized the collaborative nature of the project. “Across both teams, talented, dedicated, and passionate scientists, engineers, and production artisans have collaborated to develop and produce this aircraft,” Clark said. “We’re honored to be a part of this journey to shape the future of supersonic travel over land alongside NASA and our suppliers.”


The debut of the X-59 quiet supersonic aircraft represents a significant milestone in aerospace innovation. As NASA and Lockheed Martin move forward with their ambitious Quesst mission, the prospect of faster, quieter air travel becomes increasingly tangible, promising to transform the future of aviation and bring the world closer together.

For more information about the Quesst mission and the X-59, visit NASA’s Quesst Mission.


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